:: urbansheep (urbansheep) wrote,
:: urbansheep

[ Q ] Ведение записей // Effective Notetaking

Effective Notetaking

  1. Notetaking is a skill
  2. Notetaking is difficult because...
  3. Four purposes for notetaking
  4. Physical factors
  5. Before taking notes
  6. Decide how much you are going to do
  7. Practice TLQR technique
  8. While taking notes
  9. After taking notes


  • This takes understanding of what you're doing
  • It takes practice, which involves effort


  • Spoken language is more diffuse than written
  • Speaker's organization is not immediately apparent
  • Spoken language is quickly gone
    • This makes analysis difficult


  • Provides a written record for review
  • Forces the listener to pay attention
  • Requires organization, which involves active effort on the part of the listener
  • Listener must condense and rephrase, which aids understanding


  • Seating
    • Near the front and center
      • Vision and hearing are better
    • Avoid distractions
      • Doorways, window glare, etc.
      • Peers
  • Materials
    • Two pens
    • Wide-lined, easy-eye paper
    • Date and topic written on paper
    • Plenty of blank paper in back


  • Prepare yourself mentally
    • Be sure of your purpose and the speaker's purpose
  • Review your notes and other background material if available
  • Generate enthusiasm and interest
    • Increased knowledge results in increased interest
    • A clear sense of purpose on your part will make the speaker's content more relevant
  • Be ready to understand and remember
  • Anticipate what is to come, and evaluate how well you were able to do this


  • Are notes necessary?
    • Don't be lulled into a sense of security by an effective presentation
  • Hearing a thing once is not enough. Memory requires:
    • Review
    • Reflective study


  • Tune-in
    • Listening takes energy
  • Look at the speaker
    • Mannerisms will give extra clues
    • Looking helps focus attention
  • Question
    • Nothing will generate interest so much as an appropriate question
  • Listen
    • Be selective. Some things are more important than others.
    • Be alert for speaker emphasis through:
      • Tone or gesture
      • Repetition
      • Use of cue words such as: remember, most important, etc.
      • Illustration on board
      • Reference to text
      • Note especially new words and ideas
  • Note especially those ideas which conflict with your own picture of the world
    • "Odd" ideas are difficult to understand initially and require extra effort
    • You remember things which support your existing concepts, and forget those things which disagree
  • Review
    • Glance back over material from time to time to see if a pattern is emerging, if consistency is being maintained, etc.
    • If possible, clarify points during or after the lecture


  • Don't try for a verbatim transcript
    • Get all of the main ideas
    • Record some details, illustrations, implications, etc.
  • Paraphrase
    • But remember that the speaker may serve as a model
  • Integrate with other knowledge you already have
    • But don't allow preconceived notions to distort what you are hearing
  • Use form to indicate relative importance of items
    • Underscore or star major points
  • Leave plenty of white space for later additions
  • Note speaker's organization of material
    • Organization aids memory
    • Organization indicates gaps when they occur
  • Be accurate
    • Listen carefully to what is being said
    • Pay attention to qualifying words like: sometimes, usually, rarely, etc.
    • Notice signals that a change of direction is coming: but, however, on the other hand
  • Be an aggressive, not a passive, listener
    • Ask questions and discuss if it's permitted
    • If not, jot questions in your notes
    • Seek out meanings. Look for implications beyond what is being said
    • Relate the material to your other classes and your life outside of school
  • Develop a suitable system of mechanics
    • Jot down words or phrases, not entire sentences
    • Develop some system of shorthand and be consistent in its use
    • Hr s sntnc wth vwls lft t
    • Leave out small service words
    • Use contractions and abbreviations
    • Use symbols: +, =, &, @
  • Try to get the hang of listening and writing at the same time. It can be done.
    • You may practice listening to the news on TV and taking notes


  • Review and reword them as soon as possible
      • Don't just recopy or type without thought
      • "Reminiscencing" may provide forgotten material later
      • Rewrite incomplete or skimpy parts in greater detail
      • Fill in gaps as you remember points heard but not recorded
      • Arrange with another student to compare notes
  • Use your notes as a learning tool
    • Review at spaced intervals
      • Spaced effort is more effective than the same effort spent cramming
      • We forget 50% of what we hear immediately; two months later, another 25% is gone. But relearning is rapid if regular review is used
      • Compare the information in your notes with your own experience
      • Don't swallow everything uncritically
      • Don't reject what seems strange or incorrect. Check it out.
      • Be willing to hold some seeming inconsistencies in your mind over a period of time
      • Make meaningful associations
      • Memorize that which must be memorized
  • Sharpen your notetaking technique by looking at other students' notes. How are they better than your own? How are your notes superior?
  • Practice those skills you wish to develop

По теме: Freenoting

В тему ведения записей техника Freenoting очень хорошо ложится. Она нацелена, с одной стороны, на максимальное использование услышанного и увиденного на лекциях, семинарах, мастер-классах, и вообще увиденного, по жизни, а с другой — на освобождение сознания для активной работы, поэтому базовые техники ведения записей, скорописи и стенографирования очень интересно дополнить полуинтуитивным восприятием потока информации.

Очень часто выигрыш можно ощутить и увидеть — так как данные не просто фиксируются, а на лету анализируются и, за счёт осмысления, используются, пусть пока и не в реальном режиме. Кроме того, меняется техника и подход к ведению записей, что отражается на самих записях и их содержательности.


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